Human Intelligence in Cybersecurity
In cybersecurity, HUMINT (Human Intelligence) is often mistaken for SIGINT (Signals Intelligence).
What Is Human Intelligence (HUMINT)?
HUMINT is a complex field, making it challenging to determine the most efficient methods of gathering information from individuals. Therefore, HUMINT collectors must be taught and practice "Spot, Assess, Develop and Recruitment," which helps locate sources with suitable qualifications and capabilities.
During this process, the collector employs social engineering techniques to manipulate a source into providing specific information. For instance, they could invite someone to a meeting to discuss tactics or communication channels used by an enemy.
These meetings can be conducted face-to-face or over the telephone to gather useful information from an unknown source, potential enemy, or a neutral party.
HUMINT requires great skill and expertise but can be invaluable in cybersecurity. For instance, intelligence professionals can access compartmented information even the most sophisticated technological systems cannot obtain; this knowledge is crucial in recognizing an adversary's intentions. Furthermore, HUMINT may reveal scientific or weapon developments before they are utilized or detected by technical intelligence collection systems.
The Importance of Human Intelligence in Cybersecurity
Human intelligence (HUMINT) is an indispensable element of cyber security. It allows organizations to recognize threats, respond appropriately and prevent future breaches of security incidents from occurring.
HUMINT provides cybersecurity professionals with a competitive advantage by alerting them to potential attacks, locating assets that could be compromised and targeting criminal cells before they have time to launch.
To protect an organization from phishing attacks, ransomware attacks and identity theft, security must be built around a holistic approach that integrates processes, technology and people.
Network security begins with how and where users connect to the network. By creating policies that specify which connections are legitimate and which should be inspected for malicious behaviour, organizations can implement a zero-trust approach to networking. Unfortunately, enforcing these policies can take time and effort, particularly for large organizations with multiple connections.
Companies can reduce the time needed for this process by leveraging AI and machine learning. These technologies learn and recommend policies based on organizations' network traffic patterns, eliminating manual labor from selecting connections that need an inspection while helping security teams prioritize their efforts accordingly.
Another advantage of human intelligence in cybersecurity is that it can increase the resilience of security systems. AI can recognize, learn and model behavioural patterns of threat actors, allowing security specialists to triage and remediate threats more rapidly and accurately. This saves time spent on protecting against attacks while increasing scalability.
Common Human Intelligence Cybersecurity Use Cases
Cyber security is an expansive field encompassing everything from firewalls and intrusion detection systems to specialized tools and techniques designed to keep malicious actors out and legitimate users. In today's digital world, hackers are always looking for new and inventive ways to cause havoc on your company's network, devices and data. To stay ahead of the game, your IT staff must be equipped with up-to-date cybersecurity best practices and technology. They need to be informed of the latest threats and likely culprits so they can promptly identify, respond to, and prevent future attacks. Human Intelligence (HUMINT) can provide this assistance. Whether your IT staff is responsible for safeguarding their products or needs to be aware of potential hazards, HUMINT can provide invaluable insight.
How to Implement Human Intelligence?
Intelligence is invaluable for security practitioners to detect, understand and react to cyber threats. Threat hunters and incident responders draw on a variety of intelligence sources, such as open-source intelligence (OSINT), machine intelligence (SIGINT) and social media intelligence (SOCMINT).
Security has seen a tremendous improvement, yet hackers are constantly refining their techniques. To stay ahead of attacks and prevent them from occurring in the first place, it's essential to combine modern technology with tried-and-true strategies.
Human intelligence is the capacity for perceiving, learning, remembering and thinking critically and abstractly. This mental faculty can be developed through training and experience.
In general, people with higher levels of intelligence tend to think faster, comprehend complex information more deeply, and solve problems creatively. Furthermore, higher IQs tend to remember and recall information better than their lower-IQ counterparts.
Human intelligence has its limitations, which computers can exploit. For instance, humans tend to be predisposed to cognitive biases and have short attention spans.
Another limitation of human intelligence is its incapability to be improved like artificial intelligence can. This is because artificial intelligence relies on data processing power and rule-based systems.
Though AI will eventually surpass human intelligence, a timeline has yet to be set for when or if this will ever occur. In the meantime, AI can help augment existing infosec teams.
As such, AI can be a beneficial addition to any organization's cybersecurity infrastructure. By using AI technology in conjunction with existing systems, organizations can get real-time alerts, enhance incident response and provide explicable recommendations to their stakeholders.
Additionally, it's essential to guarantee all necessary security measures are in place and that all employees are aware of them. This involves cultivating a culture of security and providing security awareness training.
Organizations seeking the best results should partner with a cybersecurity provider offering various solutions. This may include cloud-based monitoring, cyber forensics, vulnerability assessment and remediation, threat detection and reporting - all of which can help businesses avoid costly breaches by decreasing network vulnerabilities.